Environmental and Social Safeguards Framework
The more than three decades of intermittent conflict in certain areas in Mindanao have resulted in the destruction of infrastructure, population displacement, deferred development, and a lack of trust among people at the local level and between communities and the state. The vast opportunities for economic growth in Mindanao will largely remain untapped for as long as stable and lasting peace in the island is not attained.
In 2003, with prospects for peace significantly improving in Mindanao between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the Government of the Philippines (GPH), the latter explored with the World Bank (WB) various financing modalities for a post-conflict situation. The preferred instrument was a World Bank administered multi-donor Mindanao Trust Fund (MTF) to support post-conflict reconstruction and development in Mindanao to catalyze resources and improve donor coordination and impact for post-conflict reconstruction and development.
Launched in March 2006, the MTF is guided by the findings and recommendations of the multi-donor Joint Needs Assessment of 2005. It finances the operations of the MTF-Reconstruction and Development Program (MTF-RDP), which features intensive participation of Bangsamoro stakeholders in planning, management and implementation of reconstruction and development initiatives, including the creation of sustainable livelihoods.
This Additional Financing (AF) would support the restructuring and scale up of the parent project through the following: (i) additional funding for ongoing community-driven development and community-driven reconstruction activities in the existing 65 villages in 21 municipalities where the program is current operating, (ii) assist the Bangsamoro Development Agency (BDA) to prepare a Bangsamoro Development Plan (BDP) and (iii) support for the operational costs of the Project Management Team of the MILF as its contribution to the joint Government of the Philippines-MILF “Sajahatra Bangsamoro” program, which was launched by President Aquino and MILF Chairman Al Haj Murad in February 2013.
This document presents the environmental and social safeguards framework (ESSF) for MTF, which aims to ensure that the GPH and WB policies on environmental and social safeguards are met and all activities supported under the MTF are environmentally and socially sound and sustainable.
II. Project Objectives
The primary objective of MTF is to improve social and economic recovery in conflict-affected communities of Mindanao through activities, which promote confidence building, peace and demand-driven governance.
Major indicators/outcomes are:
- Improved social communication to rebuild trust between diverse (conflicting) groups,
- Improved access to basic services and economic opportunities,
- Improved decision-making and development processes that are inclusive, participatory, gender sensitive and non-conflictual,
- Improved capacity of the Bangsamoro Development Agency to plan, manage and implement local development activities, and,
- Improved capacity of People’s Organizations (PO) to plan, manage and implement local development activities.